Science on "Added Sugars"
not physiologically or metabolically different from
naturally occurring sugars, added sugars are
predominantly found in highly processed foods.
Unlike fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, and
other nutrient-rich foods, processed foods typically
do not promote satisfaction, even when fortified
with vitamins and minerals, and can lead to
increased eating. Excessive sugar intake does not
typically occur from eating too much fruit with
naturally occurring sugars, but rather from the
consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and
processed foods that contain an abundance of added
consumption has long been known to cause tooth
decay, and a growing body of scientific research now
also finds evidence of a causal relationship between
excessive sugar consumption and both weight gain and
the rise in the incidence of major chronic metabolic
diseases (e.g., Type 2 Diabetes, Cardiovascular
Disease, High Triglycerides, Hypertension)
collectively known as "The Metabolic Syndrome". Today,
25.8 million Americans are afflicted with Type 2
Diabetes, and 16 million suffer from Heart Disease.
Overconsumption of sugar also has been linked to
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, which can lead to
inflammation and scarring of the liver.
Approximately 31 percent of adults and 13 percent of
children have this condition, which can progress to
Non-Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis, a life-threatening
condition that can require a liver transplant.
Americans face the additional burden of rising
health-care costs associated with treating these
the Nutrition Facts Label (NFL) to list Added Sugars
is supported by science-based guidance from leading
health organizations including the American Academy
of Pediatrics, American Heart Association, Institute
of Medicine, and World Health Organization, all of
which have advised limiting added sugar consumption.
Public Comments on the FDA’s Proposal to Include
Added Sugars on the Nutrition Facts Label
Of the 215 unique
comments on added sugar, that together
represent 35,507 submissions on the
topic to the FDA’s public comment
period, 106 comments were in support of
the change (the majority from public
interest and health groups), 89 were in
opposition (mostly from the food
industry), and only 20 took no stance on
Since an estimated 74 percent of packaged foods
contain Added Sugars, bringing attention to
added sugars is likely seen as a threat to the
bottom line ($$$) of many food industry entities, many
of which opposed the FDA’s proposed label
change. Packaged food manufacturers (e.g.,
General Mills, Kellogg and Unilever) and their trade associations
(e.g., the Grocery Manufacturers Association)
have mounted an intense campaign to block the
proposed change to the Nutrition Facts Label.
Instead of acknowledging the scientific evidence
linking Added Sugars to health problems, food
industry comments to the FDA repeatedly oppose
the New Label while casting doubt on the
underling scientific evidence.
These actions undermine measures that would
benefit public health.
However, not all is lost! Nestle, Mars and
KIND (LLC) are all in favor of the New Nutrition
face it, far too many of us are addicted to food
with too much SALT, SUGAR & BAD FATS. Burgers,
Fries, Pizza, Processed Foods, Ice Cream, Candy,
Alcohol, Sugar Drinks and Diet Drinks are literally
killing us. 50 years ago these foods were
considered treats and were only consumed
intermittently on special occasions, or not at all.
We are what we eat, and what we eat must be
understood if we are to regain and maintain health through
healthier ways. Please read the Nutrition
Facts Labels when you shop, and hopefully the "light
will go on" and change your dietary lifestyle
... it's a matter of
concludes our Nutrition Facts Label series. We
encourage you to read Nutrition Facts Labels and to
invest wisely in dietary decisions for yourself and
the ones your love.